Before President Lincoln was assassinated he came up with the plan that later became known as Lincoln’s 10% Plan. It pardoned all citizens, except high-ranking Confederate political and military officers, as long as they took an oath to support the Constitution and the emancipation (freeing) of slaves. When 10% of voters in a state took the oath, they could make a new state government and were recognized by the President and the US. The Radical Republicans in Congress didn’t like Lincoln’s 10% Plan.
Lincoln’s 10% Plan is in most high school and middle school American History curriculum’s. If teachers want to have their students remember Lincoln’s 10% Plan they should try to differentiate instruction. One idea to differentiate instruction for Lincoln’s 10% Plan is to bring in multiple intelligence learning styles.
Here is an example of differentiated instruction. Count the number of students in the class and have the students tell you what 10% of it is. This brings in the logical multiple intelligence learning style. Have 10% of them stand and repeat after you while you are wearing a President Lincoln Mask: “I, insert name, do solemnly swear, in presence of Almighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Union of the State thereunder, and that I will, in like manner, abide by and faithfully support all Laws and Proclamations which have been made during the existing Rebellion with reference to the Emancipation of Slaves – So help me God.” Note that this particular oath was taken after the death of Lincoln but it would have been very similar if Lincoln’s 10% Plan were to have been accepted. Because students are standing and speaking they are using both the linguistic multiple intelligence learning style and the kinesthetic multiple intelligence learning style. The mask can be made by cutting out the picture provided and taping it to a ruler which brings in the spatial multiple intelligence learning style. The students with the spatial multiple intelligence learning style will also learn just by watching the activity take place in front of them. By differentiating instruction based on the multiple intelligence learning styles students will most likely be more interested in Lincoln’s 10% Plan.
http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Kasha-Mastrodomenico offers many differentiated instruction lesson plans based on multiple intelligence learning styles.